Coeducation in English essay Coeducation, as the word expresses, means the education of boys and girls commonly in schools and colleges.
Meaning of Co-education
Co-education means the education of boys and girls in the same schools, colleges or Universities. This is a modern concept and it has made a remarkable. rapid progress. It was first introduced in Switzerland, but now it has become popular almost in all Europe and America. The Eastern countries are also adopting this system gradually. In our country, opinions sharply differ on the issue of co-education in colleges.
Arguments in Favour of Co-education
The supporters of Co-education favour it namely on two grounds. One economical and other sociological. In the first place, they say that co-education is an economic measure in a poor country like Pakistan. It is not possible to maintain separate colleges for boys and girls. Especially the vocational colleges. A lot of money is required to equip the libraries, laboratories and workshops.
In the second place, the social contacts between the members of the two sexes are useful in many respects. The supporters of co-education say that if boys and girls are educated together, they will develop in them a sort of mutual understanding. This understanding will be helpful in their future life as men and women. They believe that Co-education makes boys less coarse and girls less morbid. The boys become civilized and polite and the girls get rid of their shyness. Moreover, it creates a spirit of competition in studies. Both try their hard to outdo each other.
Arguments against Co-education
The arguments of the supporters are weighty but those who are against them are weightier. Demerits of this system make its success in this country doubtful. The opponents of co-education argue that in a hot country like Pakistan, this system is impracticable.
Here boys and girls become young at an early age. Youth is blind and there is every possibility that they may fall a victim to their emotions. Then every one of us knows that ends and aims of education for the two sexes are quite different. Their demands in education are different from each other and therefore it is false economy to teach them in the same institution. Again in Pakistan, colleges are very few and they are overcrowded. Co-education can prove economical only in
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such cases where the number of students in the college is very small. Moreover, we must remember that Islam disallows the free mixing of boys and girls. It is for these reasons, the opponents of Co-education think that the system is not fit for our country.
To conclude we may say that Co-education is above objection in professional colleges where the ultimate goal of all the students is the same. But in art and science colleges where the two sexes are prepared for the normal routine of life, Co-education is unnecessary.
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