Home BS Notes BS English Notes J Spain Cha 1 Peshawar | Part 2 East...

BS English Notes J Spain Cha 1 Peshawar | Part 2 East and West

207
2

Bs, Bsc | 4th Years Part-II East and West all Pakistani Boards English notes Chapters #1 Peshawar J Spain Urdu Translation, Important questions, and Textual Comprehension | Solved Examples.

East and West BS English Notes J Spain

English Notes Chapter 1 for KPK Textbook, Punjab Board, Bise Lahore, Fbise Board, and Sindh Textbook Board.

in this article, the author describes the situation of Peshawar city. He describes everything from Chowk Yadgar to the University of Peshawar.

He begins his statement with Chowk Yadgar. Here he met a man who was selling medicine. He was praising an ointment. He was claiming that its use could be protected from snake venom. The author then started walking in the streets and reached an ancient inn.

In the past caravans from Central Asia used to stay here. Now Sarai is useless. We can reach Mahabat Khan Mosque via Chowk Yadgar. This prostration is of special importance in history. It is said that during the reign of the Sikhs, two Muslims used to go from their minaret to the mosque every day. There are separate bazaars for different things in Peshawar.

There is a bazaar of silver and jewellery in a narrow alley. Besides, there is a bazaar of cloth, bazaar of carpets, bazaar of shoes, etc. The author bought a pair of shoes for himself. There are many tea houses in Peshawar. There is always a smile on the tea seller’s face. It would be better if they were called cafes. The locals like to make tea without milk and make it fragrant by adding a little apricot.

After that, the author went to the street where the goods of Lu Hai are sold. He saw a dangerous knife that he thought was meant to cut the pistol, but he was surprised to learn that it was meant to cut his face.

After Peshawar city, the author went to Peshawar cantonment. The Peshawar cantonment bears the scent of Queen Victoria’s England, as well as the imprint of the Pathan nationality. There are big and spacious ones here. An old building here is the Dean Hotel. There are also two museums here, one of which is called Peshawar Museum and Drapshawar Club. The cantonment has its own bazaar which is called Saddar Bazaar.

When the author visited Peshawar in 1952 as a representative of the Fulbright Foundation at the US Embassy, ​​he met the then Chief Minister of Frontier Province, Khan Abdul Qayyum Khan, and inquired about the construction of Film Eight University. What can help?

Khan Abdul Qayyum Khan showed great enthusiasm and the practical proof of this is the modern building of the University of Peshawar located outside the city of Peshawar.

Urdu Translate

اردو ترجمه : اس مضمون میں مصنف پشاور شہر کا حال بیان کرتا ہے ۔ وہ چوک یادگار سے لے کر پشاور یونیورسٹی تک کی ہراہم چیز کا حال بیان کرتا ہے ۔ وہ اپنا بیان چوک یادگار سے شروع کرتا ہے ۔ یہاں اس کی ملاقات ایک ایسے شخص سے ہوئی جو دوائی فروخت کر رہا تھا ۔ وہ ایک مرہم کی تعریف کر رہا تھا ۔ وہ دعوی کر رہا تھا کہ اس کے استعمال کر نے والا سانپ کے زہر سے محفوظ رہ سکتا ہے۔اس کے بعد مصنف نے گلیوں میں گھومنا شروع کر دیا اور وہ ایک قدیم سراۓ تک پہنچ گیا ۔ ماضی میں وسطی ایشیا سے آنے والے قافلے یہاں قیام کرتے تھے

۔اب می سراۓ بے کار ہوگئی ہیں ۔ چوک یادگار کے راستے ہم مسجد مہابت خان تک پہنچ سکتے ہیں ۔ یہ سجد تاریخ میں خاص اہمیت رکھتی ہے کہا جا تا ہے کہ سکھوں کے دورحکومت میں روزانہ دو مسلمانوں کو اس کے مینار سے لڑکا یا جا تا تھا امام مسجد سے اجازت لے کر مصنف ایک مینار پر چڑھا اور شہر کا نظارہ کیا ۔ پشاور میں الگ الگ چیزوں کے لئے الگ الگ بازار ہیں ایک تنگ سی گلی میں چاندی اور زیورات کا بازار واقع ہے اس کے علاوہ کپڑے کا بازار قالینوں کا بازار جوتوں کا بازار وغیرہ ہیں مصنف نے اپنے لئے جوتوں کا ایک جوڑ اخریدا ۔ پشاور میں چاۓ خانوں کی بہتات ہے ۔

چاۓ فروش کے چہرے پر ہمیشہ مسکراہٹ رہتی ہے ۔ اگر انہیں قہوہ خانہ کہا جاۓ تو بہتر ہوگا ۔ یہاں کے باشندے بغیر دودھ کے سبنر چاۓ ( قہوہ بنا کر پینا پسند کرتے ہیں اور چھوٹی الاپھی ڈال کر اسے خوشبودار بناتے ہیں۔اس کے بعد مصنف اس گلی میں گیا جہاں لو ہے کا سامان فروخت ہوتا ہے یہاں مختلف قسم کے چاقو موجود تھے مصنف نے ایک خطرناک چاقو دیکھا اس کا خیال تھا کہ پیصل کاٹنے کے لئے ہے ۔ مگر یہ جان کر وہ حیرت زدہ ہو گیا کہ یہ چاقو چہرے کاٹنے کے لئے ہے ۔

پشاور شہر کے بعد مصنف پشاور چھاؤنی گیا ۔ پشاور چھاؤنی ملکہ وکٹوریہ کے زمانے کے انگلستان کی خوشبو لئے ہوۓ ہے ساتھ ہی ساتھ پٹھان قومیت کی چھاپ بھی ہے ۔ یہاں بڑے اور کشادہ نکلے ہیں ۔ یہاں کی ایک قدیم عمارت ڈین ہوٹل ہے یہاں دو عائب گھر بھی ہیں جن میں ایک پشاور میوزیم اور دراپشاورکلب کہلا تا ہے چھاؤنی کا اپنا بازار ہے جوصدر بازار کہلاتا ہے پشاور کی سب سے عظیم الشان عمارت پشاور یو نیورٹی ہے ۔

مصنف جب 1952 ء میں امریکی سفارت خانے فلبرائٹ فاؤنڈیشن کے نمائندے کی حیثیت سے پشاور آیا تھا تو اس نے اس وقت کے سرحد کے وزیر اعلی خان عبدالقیوم خان سے ملاقات کی تھی اور یہ جاننا چاہا تھا کہ فلم ائٹ والے یونیورسٹی کی تعمیر کے سلسلے میں کیا امداد کر سکتے ہیں ۔ خان عبدالقیوم خاں نے بڑے جوش وخروش کا مظاہرہ کیا اور اس کا عملی ثبوت پشاور شہر سے باہر پشاور یونیورسٹی کی جدید عمارت واقع ہے ۔

Important questions

Ba bsc bs english Notes for Part-2
Bs 4th Years Notes for English Part-2 Chapter 1

Q.1 Describe in your own words the life picture of Peshawar as narrated by J.Spain OR Write the summary of the lesson, Peshawar

Answer: J.Spain had visited Peshawar many times. He describes the city beautifully. His description is as under:

1. Medicine Seller

J.Spain begins the description of Peshawar from chowk Yadgar. He comes across a person who was Hakim. He was selling medicines. He was praising his balm. He was saying that it was an antidote against snake bites. A large crowd of people was standing around him.

2. Old Serais

The writer began to walk about the streets and reached the old Serais. In the past, the caravans of merchants came from Bokhara. Sammer-Kand, Herat, Kashghar and Meshed and stayed here. Now, these saris no longer serve the purpose of hotelling. These have been changed into motor garages and workshops.


3. The Mahabat Khan Mosque

Mohabat Khan Mosque is one of the true Peshawaris favourite sights. It is hundreds of years old. One can reach the mosque through chowk Yadgar. It has great importance in history. The minarets of the mosque are very high. It is very spacious and beautiful. The writer climbed a minaret to have a glimpse of the city. It is said that during the Sikh regime two Muslims were hanged every day from its high minarets.

4. Peshawar Streets

The business streets of Peshawar are highly specialized. They convey all the warmth of life. Different articles are sold in different streets. Each street deals in just one particular trade. The city is famous for its large number of products. Shoes, caps, carpets and hardware goods are a few of them. The shoes which are sold here are expensive as well as cheap. The writer bought a pair of shoes.

5. Tea Stalls

Tea stalls are another common feature of the city. The tea which is sold here is of a different kind. Many people like strong black tea with milk and sugar mixed in it. Many shops serve Qahwa. It is a popular drink of all. It is prepared with great care. These stalls are scattered in every business street.

6. Peshawar Cantonment

Peshawar Cantonment is situated in the Sadar. It is modern both in style and character. It has broad streets. It has churches, hotels, parks and shops of the western type. Its large Bungalows and comfortable hotels also add to its beauty. It has a Bazar known as ‘Saddar’ It
has a big museum. It contains paintings and statues.

7. The University

Peshawar University is situated near the cantonment. It is the most important achievement of Peshawar throughout its history. In 1951, it was a single building which was known as Islamia College, it expanded rapidly and now it is one of the largest universities of
Europe, America and Asia. The writer came here in 1952.


He met Khan Abdul Qayyum Khan, the Chief Minister of
N.W.F.P. and Chancellor of the university. Khan Abdul
Qayyum Khan asked him what help could American Embassy
give. The writer did not reply and told that he would inform him shortly.


Q.2 Mahabat Khan mosque is one of the true Peshawar is favourite sights. (page-1)

These lines occur in “Peshawar” by J.Spain. Describe in your own words the picture of Mahabat Khan Mosque as narrated by J.Spain.

Answer: Mahabat Khan Mosque The Mahabat Khan Mosque is situated near chowk Yager. It is very beautiful. It has dazzling white

minarets The minarets shine when the sun shines
brightly. The central part of the mosque is very beautiful and,
attractive. The mosque is very spacious. There is a pool of clear water in the middle. The courtyard is made of tiles. Rich red carpets lie everywhere.

The people offer prayers here. Everyone in Peshawar seems to love it. People from all over the country come to Peshawar to see it and say their prayers here. The atmosphere that of calm and peaceful.

A Historical Building

The mosque has great importance. It is a historical building. It is centuries old. It recalls reminding the past history of this area. Once Sikhs ruled this province. It was a hard time for the Muslims. It is said that during their regime two Muslims were hanged every day from its high minarets. Climbing up the minarets, a visitor can see the whole city around.

The writer climbs up the minaret

The writer got permission from the Imam of
the mosque and climbed up the minaret to have a glimpse of the city. He witnessed the real-life that was going down there. He saw many men drinking tea and smoking Chillum. He also saw women who were chatting with one another while doing their usual work.

Develop a passion for learning. If you do, you will never cease to grow. –

Anthony J. D’Angelo

Q. 3 The merchandise in Peshawar’s Bazar is exotic.

What does the author mean by this sentence?
Or
“Peshawar is a seat of Trade” Discuss

A seat of trade

Peshawar is a seat of trade. The business streets of Peshawar are highly specialized. The important feature of Peshawar is that there is a separate Bazar for every separate article. Shoes, cloth, carpets, hard-wares and other things are sold here. There are countless of them. Each street deals in just one particular trade.

  1. Shoes

There is a street where all kinds of shoes are sold. Some shoes are costly while others are cheap. The writer saw two dozen varieties of shoes in a single shop. These ranged from a narrow thin-sole Persian slipper.

Embroidered with blue and gold, to a massive pair of brogans of Dutch wooden shoes, designed with two inches thick soles. There are many varieties for the customers.

The shopkeeper has ready-made definitions for each variety. One is told that one pair was for a Wedding, another for going to Kabul etc. The writer bought a pair of shoes.

2. Hardware

The writer visited the street of hard-wares. Hard-ware goods were just a few of the novelty things. Their quality was as impressive as the variety. Yet the price was very low.

3. Knives

The writer also saw knives of different kinds. They were made by blacksmiths. These were very beautiful and skillfully designed. He saw a large-sized knife. lie thought that it was for cutting corn but was stunned to know that it was for cutting human beings.

4. Ornaments

The writer saw a narrow Bazar near chowk Yadger for silver ornaments. Does this speciality facilitate? a person to find as vast a variety of articles as possible at a fixed place. It also saves much of his time.

5. Sarais

In the past, a caravan of merchants came to Peshawar from Sumer Kand, Bokhara, Herat, Kashghar and Mashhad. They stayed in Serais built at the outskirts of the city for providing residence and safety to the merchants. These Serais no longer serve the purpose of hotelling. These have been changed into workshops and motor garages.

This does not mean that Pathans have changed their attitude towards trade. They know the rules of trade. Every article is presented in as many varieties as possible. The prices are also low to quote the author, “the merchandise in Peshawar Bazar is exotic”.

Q.4 Caravans of Powendas now pass through a scholarly community which can hold its own, Says J.Spain in his essay on Peshawar. (Page-10)

Do you agree with him? What do you know about Peshawar university after reading the essay by J.Spain?

The carvan of powendas

The Powendas
used to come to Peshawar through Khyber Pass from Afghanistan during the winter season. Now they enter the city after passing the University Buildings. The University Buildings have been constructed outside the city. So J.Spain has rightly said that Powenda nomads now pass through the scholarly community. The university can hold its head high with pride as it has provided many facilities to the students who come to study here.

2. The University of Peshawar

The University of Peshawar is situated near the cantonment. (Shard It is perhaps the greatest achievement of Peshawar during the last two thousand years. It is regarded as one of the best Universities in the world. It is one of the largest universities in Europe, Asia and America. It was founded in 1951. Khan Abdul Qayyum Khan, chief minister of N.W.F.P. was its first chancellor. He took a keen interest in its construction and development

3. The arrival of the writer

The writer came here in 1952 as the representative of the American Embassy to see what help the Full Bright foundation could offer for the Peshawar university. He met Khan Abdul Qayyum Khan and talked about different items.

Khan Abdul Qayyum Khan showed him the plan and asked for help under the Full Bright Foundation scheme. It was granted at once. The University rose with great speed. The writer played his role in the development of the University. lie helped in preparing a first-class hostel for the students. 150 students came to reside in the hostel the same year.

4. Building of the University

Peshawar University has a number of colleges and departments. Different blocks of the University building are situated at a little distance from each other. These include department colleges, hostel, administration and professor’s residence.

All the buildings have been constructed according to modern needs and techniques. The students have been provided separate rooms at the hostel. So that they could study peacefully.

Q.5The university is perhaps the greatest achievement of Peshawar’s twenty-odd centuries.

This sentence has been taken from the essay ‘Peshawar’ by James Spain. How does he describe the evolution of the Peshawar University from ‘a single old building’ to a Scholarly Community’ which can hold its own with the most venerable European and American Universities?
(Peshawar University 1998)

Answer:
The most important achievement of Peshawar throughout its history is ‘The Peshawar University. It is situated outside the city of Peshawar. In 1952, when the writer visited it for the first time, it was a single old building, a few miles west of cantonment On the road to Khyber and was known as Islamia College.

In all its way, it is really one of the most important and modern seats of learning in the country at present.’ It is one of the largest universities in Europe, America and Asia. It can hold its head with pride as it provides many facilities to the students.

1. Blocks of Buildings
Different blocks of University buildings are situated at a little distance from each other. University has a number of colleges and departments at its credit. All the buildings of different departments, colleges, administration, professors’ residences and hostels for students are built according to modern needs and techniques. Students are provided separate rooms at hostels so that they can study without any interference from any colleagues of theirs.

2. Foundation of University

The University was founded in 1951. Khan Abdul Qayyum Khan, the chief minister of N.W.F.P. was the first chancellor of the university. He took a keen interest and worked actively to materialise the plan of the university. James Spain happened to visit Peshawar on behalf of the American Embassy in 1952.

He came to examine the plan and beginning of the university and to suggest what help the young Full bright foundation could give to it on a future date.

He met Khan Abdul Qayyum Khan who showed him the plan and told him that the beginning of the University was made with full zeal and enthusiasm. The writer played his part in its development through the Fulbright Foundation and helped in preparing a first-class hostel for the university.

One hundred and fifty students came to reside in the hostel the same year when the session started. Each student was given a separate room so that he may study without the interference of his colleagues. Thus the university rose with great speed. It is correct to say that Peshawar university is a seat of learning and one of the best universities in the world.

The Peshawar Cantonment is Victorian England with a rich Pathan flavour.

This sentence has been taken from the essay “Peshawar” by J.Spain. state in your own words the description offered by J.Spain.
(Peshawar University 2000)

Answer:
1. Victorian England
The Peshawar cantonment is Victorian England. It is modern in style. It presents a lovely fusion of tradition and change. The broad streets with their English names remind Victorian England.

It begins opposite the Kissa Khwani Bazar, beyond the great round Sikh fort which is now the headquarters of Pakistan Frontier corps and spread out along both sides of the wide tree-lined mall.

The Mall with its green lawns lands a special charm to it. There are churches, hotels, parks and shops of the western type. Tongas are also seen there.

2. The Big Bungalows
Big bungalows can be seen on both sides of the Mall.
They are scattered here and there, far back streets, with walls three feet thick and ceilings fourteen feet high. Most have colourful histories of their own.

3. Rooskeppel House
On the west side of the cantonment, there is the famous Rooskeppel house, the traditional (3″10 residence of the Political Agent for the khyber agency. Here, groups of Afridis, can be was seen drinking tea in the shade of verandas, waiting their turn to tell their troubles tour make their demands upon the political Agent.

4. Hotels and offices

On one side we can see the Green’s Hotel and on the other the offices of the only newspaper of N.W.F.P.

The Khyber Mail. which deals with local and international news on the same level.

Moreover, Dean’s Hotel can also be seen in the cantonment. It is very much an old building, in tone, with the old cantonment atmosphere But the staff of the hotel is very cordial and well behaved.

The register at dean’s Hotel in which the guest indicate the point from which they came and their destination and expected date of departure is invaluable and for the motorless travellers, seeking a ride to Rawalpindi, Kohat, Swat or Kabul.

5. Museums

There are two museums in the cantonment. One is a government-run Peshawar museum, and the other is a privately managed, Peshawar club. The government-run Peshawar museum, down the cantonment railway station, fosters an impression of calm and serenity The statues that stand in the museum take us two thousand years back. The statues that stand in its dark corners look like ghosts One can see old coins of Greek rulers who ruled over this province after the death of Alexander the great In Peshawar club, one has the same feelings. The pictures of its walls, though not much old, have transformed into a living tradition.

The pictures on its wall relate to British days. Both the cantonment and the city seem to carry hundreds of years on their shoulders. Its buildings are modern in style, no doubt, yet it is a city-country old. Both tourists and schoolboys are entertained and instructed by the curator.

Q.7 Write short notes on the following 1. Peshawar Museum 2. The Tea Stalls

1. Peshawar Museum
There are two museums in Peshawar. One is run by the Government and is called the Peshawar museum. The other is privately run and is called Peshawar Club. The Peshawar Museum has situated some distance from the cantonment railway station. It contains paintings relating to British days. There are some remains of old dressers and pots. One can see old coins of Greek rulers who ruled the province after the death of Alexander. The museum gives some insight into the culture of the area.

It has some statues that look like ghosts. Tourists visit this museum. The children enjoy visiting it. It offers very little worth seeing things. Anyhow it is one of my favourite places- Peshawar. In Peshawar club, one has the same feelings,
The pictures of its wall relate to the British state. Both tourists and schoolboys visit the museum. They are entertained and instructed by the curator.

2. Tea Stalls

The tea stalls are a common feature of Peshawar. Pathans are very fond of tea. One can see different tea stalls in the street. Almost every second shop in the Bazar is a tea stall. The tea stalls are usually six feet wide and six feet deep with a narrow opening to the street. The tea seller wears a perpetual smile. Tea which is sold here is of different kinds. Many people like strong black tea with milk and sugar mixed in it. Tea leaves, milk and sugar are boiled together at the same time.

Many shops serve Qahwa. It is Chinese green tea. It is prepared with great care and arrangement. The tea seller washes the leaves with hot water. He mixes cardamom in it. In this way, he adds flavour to it. It is the national drink of Peshawar. Usually, there is the same kind of equipment(011e) which include cups, pots and brass Savour.
These tea stalls cater for different tastes Some of them specialise in black tea, others in Kashmiri tea. Many serve Qahwa.

Q.8: “The business streets of Peshawar are highly specialized: one for shoes, another for head-gear yet another for cloth”. (Page-3)

This sentence has been taken from the essay “Peshawar” by J.Spain. State in your own words the Description of these streets of Peshawar
(Peshawar University2008)

Answer:

J.Spain visited NWFP several times. He had the opportunity of observing it closely The way of the Pathans” He made many friends here.

The business streets of Peshawar are highly specialized one is for shoes, another of headgear, yet another for cloth, a fourth for silver, a fifth for carpets and so on. There are so many streets. Each deal is just one particular trade. The important feature of Peshawar is that there is a separate street for every separate article.

1. Visit shoe street

There is a shoe street in Peshawar. All kinds of shoes are sold here. Some shoes are costly and some are cheap. One day the writer passed through different streets of the city. He wandered about in the shoe bazaar and the street of hardware merchants He was much impressed with the variety of goods offered for sale.

Walking through the shoe Bazar, he counted almost two dozen varieties of shoes in one shop. These ranged from the narrow thin-soled “Persian slipper variety made of soft white leather embroidered with blue and gold to a massive pair of brogans of Dutch wooden shoe design with soles fully two inches thick.

He inquired about the special purposes of the different types of shoes. The cobbler was cooperative. He showed him a variety of shoes which are meant to be worn on different occasions, He told him that this one is for the wedding of a very rich lady”, This shoe is for wedding time. It is worn by a rich lady. The other one is for Ong to the office. The third one is for the soldier and so on.

An investment in knowledge pays the best interest. –

Benjamin Franklin

2. Hardware Merchants street

Now the writer entered the street of Hardware merchants. It is not far from the shoe bazaar. Here he noticed different articles. Their quality was as impressive as the variety. Of these, knives are the most interesting. The knives of Peshawar are very special. The Pathans make their own knives. There are different varieties of Knives. These were very beautiful and skillfully designed some were small delicate pen knives. Some knives had large blades. He was greatly interested in these knives.

He compared them with the knives of Gukhas and declared that they are equally fine and good.

3. Funny experience

One day he entered a shop. There he saw a very large knife. It was about eighteen inches long. He thought that it was for cutting crops. The shopkeeper took it back and said by making a gesture No, Sahib, it is for cutting the faces. The business streets of Peshawar represent a very important aspect of its life. There is a rush of business and a variety of goods. The city is famous for a quite large number of products like shoes. caps, carpets and hardware goods. The writer noticed that the prices of the goods were very low.


Bs English Notes | Part-2 Textual Comprehension | Solved Examples Peshawar Passage No. 1

Read the following passage and answer the questions given at the end:

The approach to the mosque is from the central square of the old city, the chowk Yadgar. The street of the silversmiths, a dozen feet wide at the most, winds up a steep hill. On both sides, three and four-storey buildings exclude the sun, permitting only an occasional flash on the heavy necklaces, earrings and anklets which hang in the open shop-fronts. Above is a narrow avenue of blue sky, winding up the hill in perfect parallel to the dark canyon of the street.

Halfway up the hill, shinning against the blue, brighter and purer than any bangle in the street below, hang the dazzling white minarets of Mahabat Khan. Beneath them, in the centre of a wide tiled court, is a pool, mysteriously clear and cool in the midst of the hot murky huddle of the city.
Turbaned men, black-bearded, white-bearded and red-bearded, move sedately about, stopping kneel bow in prayer on the rich red carpets that are scattered on the tiles.

It is not difficult to understand how even the wildest young Afridi from the hill can find peace here.
A friend who was with me obtained permission from the Imam of the mosque to ascend one of the minerals. From it, we looked out over the city. Life was going on the jumbled roofs and balconies spread out below us. A group of men drank tea and took their turn at the chillum, the simple Pathan hubble-bubble pipe. A knot of women squatted chattering as they sorted spices.

Questions

Describe the Mahabat Khan’s Mosque in a few sentences.

The Mahabat Khan’s Mosque is situated halfway up the hill near the Chowk Yadgar. Peshawar. The street of silversmith provides an approach to it. The beautiful Mosque has dazzling white minarets. It has a large tiled courtyard. There is a clear and cool pool in the midst of the yard. The people of Peshawar and the nearby areas come to pray here.

“Narrow avenue of blue sky ” — What does the author mean by this phrase?

The author means by the description that only a narrow sky can be seen up above the street of silversmiths. The street is hardly 12 feet wide, hence the sky which can be seen from the street is rightly termed by the author as “Narrow avenue of blue sky”.

What do you come to know about the street of silversmiths after reading the passage?

The street of silversmiths is situated near Chowk Yadger, Peshawar. It is hardly a dozen feet wide, but on both of its sides, there are multi-storeyed buildings. The Bazar presents good opportunity for a buyer to buy all sorts of ornaments which he wants because it is rich with varieties like all other specialized bazars of Peshawar.

What was a group of men doing?

A group of men was drinking tea and taking their turn at the chilum, the simple pathan hubble-bubble pipe.

Suggest a suitable title for the passage

“The Beauties of the Chowk Yadgar”

2 COMMENTS

Leave a Reply