Home BS Notes BS English Notes TWO WHEELS OVER NINE GLACIERS Chapter 4

BS English Notes TWO WHEELS OVER NINE GLACIERS Chapter 4

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East and West BS English Notes TWO WHEELS OVER NINE GLACIERS Pdf Download short long questions, with Urdu translation, Vocabulary, Summary, Contextual Meanings, Comprehension, and essay.

TWO WHEELS OVER NINE GLACIERS BS | Bsc English

Derula Murphy

is an avid cyclist Describes Yasfar was a very difficult yard? The name of his bicycle is Rose. She set off on her bicycle at seven in the morning. He travelled six miles in two and a half hours. And the first glacier on the way (reached the avalanche. He had a hard time crossing it. Hunger and thirst exhausted him. He tried to quench his thirst by eating the ice.)

After travelling, his eyes fell on a large tree. Joker Yadav was a mile wide. The path was not clear. Clouds were overcast. A strong wind was blowing. It was very difficult for him to climb high now. Energy had responded. It was also difficult to handle the bicycle. Finally, she was able to reach the top of Babusar by dragging her bicycle. It was miles long.

There was a river flowing in the valley. She was very happy. But when she went down to the valley, she found out that it was difficult to cross the river. There was no bridge over it. Patak saw a cow. Angel proved to be a blessing for her. She followed the cow.

When the cow crossed the river, she put her right hand on the cow’s neck and grabbed the bicycle in her left hand. The water was deep. She managed to cross the river with the help of Share Classic Notes After a short walk, the descent began. Here he saw a bunch of flowers of different colours. He had to walk seven miles. He saw snow-capped mountains.

She also saw an avalanche disappear into the water. Now she reached a place where she expected to see a plough but she did not see a bridge. The light of day was slowly falling on you. He was also hungry. His legs were paralyzed. He picked up his bicycle. He continued his journey for an hour and a half. In the middle of an avalanche, he saw three mules and four camels.

run loud to draw attention to it. Her bicycle fell off and she slipped down and joined them. They praised her bravery and courage. Then they made a mill of wooden planks. Nature was not ready to go through that moment. Drew Murphy came up with an idea. She will walk on the bridge. Nature also started following him. In this way, with his intelligence, everyone crossed the bridge.

Urdu Translation 4th year English, BA-II Notes

اردو ترجمه : ڈرولا مرفی ایک شوقین سائیکل سوار ہے و وز رنظر مضمون میں بابوسر کے درے سے گزرکرایبٹ آباد جانے کا حال بیان کرتی ہے ۔ یسفر خاصا دشوار گز ارتھا ۔ اس کی سائیکل کا نام روز ہے ۔ وہ صبح سات بجے اپنی سائیکل روز پر سوار ہو کر روانہ ہوئی ۔ اڑھائی گھنٹے میں اس نے چھ میل سفر کیا ۔ اور راستے کے پہلے گلیشئر ( برف کا تودہ پر پہنچ گئی ۔ اس کو عبور کر نے میں اسے کافی دشواری کا سامنا کر نا پڑا ۔ بھوک اور پیاس نے اسے نڈھال کر دیا ۔ برف کھا کر اس نے پیاس بجھانے کی کوشش کی ۔ایک میل سفر کر نے کے بعد اس کی نظر ایک بڑے تو دے پر پڑی ۔ جوقر یادو میل چوڑاتھا ۔ راستہ بھی صاف نظر نہ آ تا تھا ۔

بادل چھاۓ ہوۓ تھے ۔ تیز ہوا چل رہی تھی ۔ بلند ی پر چڑھنا بہت دشوار تھا اب اس کی توانائی جواب دے چکی تھے ۔سائیکل سنبھالنا بھی دشوار تھا ۔ آخر وہ اپنی سائیکل کوگھسیٹتی ہوئی بابوسر کی چوٹی پر پہنچنے میں کا میاب ہوگئی ۔ . چوٹی سے ایک ہزارفٹ نیچے اس نے ایک سرسبز و شاداب وادی دیکھی ۔ جوتقر یبا دو میل چوڑی اور آٹھ میل لمبی تھی ۔ اس وادی میں ایک ندی بھی بہہ رہی تھی ۔ وہ بہت خوش ہوئی ۔ لیکن جب وہ نیچے وادی میں گئی تو معلوم ہوا کہ اس ندی کو عبور کرنا مشکل ہے اس پر پل نہ تھا ۔ پاتک اس نے ایک گاۓ دیکھی گاۓ اس کے لئے فرشتہ رحمت ثابت ہوئی وہ گاۓ کے پیچھے پیچھے ہولی ۔ جب گاۓ ندی عبور کر نے گلی تو اس نے اپنا دایاں ہاتھ گاۓ کی گردن میں ڈال دیا اور بائیں ہاتھ میں سائیکل پکڑ لی ۔

پانی زیادہ گہرانہ تھا ۔ گاۓ کی مدد سے وہ ندی پار کر نے میں کامیاب ہوگئی ۔ تھوڑی دور چلنے کے بعد اترائی شروع ہوگئی ۔ یہاں اسے مختلف رنگ کے پھولوں کے جنڈ کے جنڈ دکھائی دیئے اسے سات میل اتر ناپڑا ۔ اس نے برف پوش پہاڑیاں دیکھیں ۔ اس نے ایک برفانی تودے کو بھی پانی میں غائب ہوتے دیکھا۔اب وہ ایک ایسے مقام پر پہنچ گئی جہاں اسے کوئی ہل نظر آ نے کی توقع تھی لیکن اسے کوئی پل نظر نہ آیا ۔ دن کی روشنی آہستہ آہستہ تم ہورہی تھی ۔ اسے بھوک بھی لگی ہوئی تھی۔اس کی ٹانگیں زمی ہو چکی تھیں۔اس نے اپنی سائیکل کو اٹھالیا اس نے ڈیڑھ گھنٹے تک سفر جاری رکھا ایک برفانی تودے کے وسط میں اسے تین خچر اور چار آ دی نظر آۓ وہ

زور سے چلائی تا کہ اس کی طرف متوجہ ہوں ۔ اس کا سائیکل گر پڑا اور وہ خود پسل کر نیچے آ گئی اور ان میں آ کر شامل ہوگئی انہوں نے اس کی بہادری اور حوصلہ کی تعریف کی ۔ پھر انہوں نے لکڑی کے تختوں کا مل تیار کیا ۔ نچر اس پل سے گزرنے کو تیار نہ تھے ۔ ڈروالا مرفی نے ایک ترکیب سوچی ۔ وہ پل پر چلنے گی ۔ نچر بھی اس کے پیچھے پیچھے چلنے لگے ۔ اس طرح اس کی ذہانت سے سب نے پل کو عبور کیا ۔

Read more: A TELL LIKE JERICHO East-West

Important Questions

Q. 1 Write the summary of the lesson “Two Wheels Over nine Glaciers”

OR
“For a combination of beauty, danger, excitement and hardships (of enjoyable variety,) today wins at a canter”. (page-18)
This line has been taken from Derula Murphy’s Book “Full Tilt” Narrate, in about three pages of your answer book the journey of Derula Murphy through the mountains from Babusar to Abbottabad.
OR

As I am resolutely chewing my breakfast of beans and one chapati—an incoherent but kindly old man came along and told me that a pony carvan had left the hamlet about three hours ago in a desperate attempt to cross the pass. (page-18)

This sentence has been taken from Derula Murphy’s ‘Full Tilt’ an extract, which is included in East and West. Give details of the journey and experiences as described by her in “Two Wheels Over nine Glaciers”

(Peshawar University 1994)

OR
At this height, no trees grow and the rock-strewn pastures which in a few weeks will be a rich green were wearily yellow after the long winter.
(Page-19)
Describe the journey of Derula Murphy towards the Babusar top. How did she feel when she had reached there.

(Gomal Universty 2002)

Answer

1. The Journey of Derula Murphy

Derula Murphy was a brave traveller she liked to experience a combination W) of beauty danger, excitement and hardship of the enjoyable type. She had a chance to experience all these things during her journey from Babusar Pass to Babusar Top.

She wanted to go to Kaghan on her way to Abbottabad. She was staying at the foot of the hill near Babusar pass in a little village. An old man informed her that the pony caravan had left for crossing Babusar pass 3 hours ago. He said that she should have accompanied that caravan.

She took her breakfast and started her journey at seven in the morning, with her bicycle ‘Roze’ All went well for the first six miles because there was a clear print of the feet of caravan ponies. But later on, the way became rather difficult. The footprints were lost.

She walked up slowly on the ascend and it took her two and a half hours to cover the distance of six miles. On the way, she heard the sound of a cuckoo and nomads calling their flock of sheep and goats. She reached the first glacier in a good position She had grown tired and hungry. She
ate snowball to satisfy her thirst. It was a strange experience.

2.Clear Track

Derula continued her journey. The track was clear for the next few miles. She reached another glacier which was more than two miles wide. She had to cross it. It was risky and tiresome. Now the track had disappeared but when she examined closely, she found that the footprints had gone along the glacier. She did not like to go direct to cross the glacier but there was no other way to follow the track except that. The weather was rough. Dark clouds were hovering over her head thundering loudly. The little snowflakes began to fall. She went higher and higher. The ascend proved to be very difficult enough. It was a hard and tedious
climb. She had to lift her bicycle ‘Rose’ At last she reached Babusar top. She was very happy. She made her bicycle ‘Roze’ stand in front of her and took a number of photographs.

3. A Beautiful valley

By now the thunder had slopped and the wind dropped. she had to come down but it was not an easy job. She was standing at 1000 feet high rock. She was fifteen miles from the head of Kaghan valley. She saw a beautiful green valley below. She also saw a stream of clear water flowing in the centre. She came down slowly and carefully. It took her half an hour to reach the stream. She had to face another problem of crossing it. She was standing beside the bank. There was no bridge over it. She was puzzled but soon she saw a cow. It was grazing at a

distance of 20 yards from her. She wondered how the cow had come there. The cow too seemed to move forward for crossing the stream. It was a sort of blessing ( in disguise. She held her cycle in one hand and put the other hand round the neck of the cow. The water was four feet deep. she became wet. Thus she was successful to cross the stream. The valley was vast and beautiful. It seemed that a big carpet of flowers spread before her.

distance of 20 yards from her. She wondered how the cow had come there. The cow too seemed to move forward for crossing the stream. It was a sort of blessing in disguise. She held her cycle in one hand and put the other hand round the neck of the cow. The water was four feet deep. she became wet. Thus she was successful to cross the stream. The valley was vast and beautiful. It seemed that a big carpet of flowers spread before her.

4. Lake of clear water
Now she was to travel around a lake of clear water. The snow-capped tops of the mountains were visible in the clear water. Just at that time, a glacier slipped into the water of the lake. Then she came to a place where she expected a bridge but there was no bridge. She had to ford another stream once more. The daylight was disappearing.

She climbed a mountain. She was hungry and tired but she did not lose her heart. She saw footprints of the ponies. She saw seven black figures very damply in the middle of the glacier near the stream. She shouted to the men below to get their attention. Then she began pushing her cycle over the slop, she rolled herself like a rolling ball and came down. The men of the caravan welcomed her. They praised her bravery and courage.

5. Pony caravan faced a problem

Soon the pony caravan faced a problem. The glacier lay across the stream which has melted at a few places: The men in the caravan had placed wooden boards across these places. The ponies were frightened and hesitated to walk over the wooden boards. The men were lashing them. Derula hit upon a plan. She suggested that they should move and leave the ponies alone. The ponies might cross the glacier of their own accord. The suggestion was accepted. She herself began to walk over wooden boards. The Ponies followed her.

Read more: The Indus in Fetters Chapter 2

Q. 2 How did the cow help Derula Murphy in the course of her journey from Babusar to Basal?

OR
Describe briefly the Cow episode as told by Derula Murphy in Two Wheels over Nine glaciers.

Answer:
1. The help of the cow
Derula Murphy was a brave traveller. She liked the experience. She describes her journey from Babusar to Babusar top she was standing at 1000 feet high rock. She saw a beautiful valley below. She also saw a nullah or a small stream of clear water flowing in the centre. She did not realise the fact that there was no bridge to cross it. She came down slowly and carefully when she reached the nullah, she had to face the problem of crossing it.

She was standing beside the bank. There was no bridge over it. She was puzzled and confused. The pony caravan had crossed the nullah but their traces were not visible. She wondered how these men and the ponies had crossed the nullah. She tried hard to find the footprints of the ponies but all in vain. She did not lose heart. She looked here and there to find out any sign of life. At last, she saw a cow grazing (C.?)

in the valley at a distance of 20yards. She was much pleased to see it. She wondered how the cow had reached there, It seemed that the cow was thinking of crossing the nullah. The cow was a blessing in disguise for her.

2. Caught hold the neck of the cow
She pedalled her cycle rapidly over the
grass and reached the cow. She opened her saddle hag and tied it to her head with a rope. She became ready to get into the water. She caught hold of the neck of the cow with her right arm. She took her bicycle in her left hand and entered the water. The water was four feet deep. It was flowing at full speed. She had nothing to fear. The water was so cold that her fingers were numb for a little while. The cow helped her to keep balance in the fast torrent of the water. She crossed the nullah quite safe and sound.

After coming out of the nullah, the cow went on her way and Derula Murphy took her way. Thus this “cow episode” came to an end.

Q. 3 How did the journey of Derula Murphy across the Babusar pass come to an end?

OR
Describe the happy end of the journey of Derula Murphy across the Babusar pass.

Answer
1. Journey of Derula Murphy
Derula murphy was a brave traveller, She liked experiences. They travelled from Babusar to Babusar top. The last part of the journey of Derula Murphy was a good one. It came to an end with a happy note. She was to travel around a lake (Le) of clear water. The snow-capped tops were visible in the clear water. She had to cross a nullah or a small stream. She came to the place where she expected a bridge, but there was no bridge over the nullah.

A glacier had covered the nullah. She was worried to know that there was no bridge. The only way to cross the nullah was to go across the big glacier. The daylight was disappearing. She climbed up a mountain. She was hungry and tired but she did not lose her heart. She saw footprints of 20 of the ponies. She saw seven black figures very damply in the middle of the glacier.

She shouted to the men of the pony caravan below to get their attention When they attended to her, she let her cycle drop on the slope. It was stopped by the men below by placing bedrolls in the way. She rolled herself like a rolling ball and came down at the foot of the hill. The men of caravan welcomed her. They praised her bravery and courage. tall The leader of the caravan ordered one of his men to carry ‘Rose’ the cycle of Derula Murphy across the nullah.

2. A new problem

Soon they faced a new problem. The ponies refused to advance because the glacier seemed to have become weak. It had melted at some places. The men in carvan had placed wooden planks across these places. The ponies were frightened and hesitated to walk over the wooden boards. The men were lashing then but the ponies totally refused to go further under any pressure. CIO Derula Murphy hit upon a plan, she gave an intelligent idea to the men in carvan. She suggested that they should leave the ponies and move alone on the glacier. The ponies might follow them and cross the glacier of their own accord. The suggestion was accepted. The men advanced themselves.

As soon as the ponies saw that they were left alone on the glacier, they were afraid. They also moved and joined the men. The men of the carvan thanked Derula Murphy. Thus, the last journey of Derule came to an end with a happy note.

Contextual Meanings

Explain in your own words the contextual meanings of any ten of the underlined words in the passage.

(Peshawar University.2003)
The plague of locusts, one of the most awful visitations
to which the countries included in the Roman Empire were
exposed, extended from the Atlantic to Ethiopia, from
Arabia to India, and from Nile and Red Sea to Greece and
the north of Asia Minor. Instances  are recorded in History of
clouds of devastating insects crossing the Black Sea to
Poland and the Mediterranean to Lombardy. It is as
numerous in its species as it is wide in its range of
territory. Brood follows brood with a sort of family likeness.
It wakens into existence and activity as early as the month of
March. But instances are not wanting of its appearance as
late as June. Even one flight comprises myriads upon.

myriads passing imagination to which the drops of rain or the sands of the sea are the only fit comparison.; and hence it is almost a proverbial mode of expression in the East, by way of describing a vast invading army, to liken it to the locusts. So dense are they, when upon the wing, that it is no exaggeration to say that they hide the sun. And so ubiquitous are they that when they have alighted upon the earth, they simply cover or clothe its surface.

Contextual Meanings

Awful

Unpleasant, very bad.

Exposed

To put somebody in a situation where they are not protected from something harmful.

Instances

   Examples;

Devastating

                 Causing a lot of damage and destruction

Numerous

In a very large number

 Brood

                 All the young ones that a mother hatches at a time.

 Wanting

                Be short of something.

Myriad

Extremely large number of some thing.

Proverbial

Well known and talked about by a lot of people.

Invading

Attacking a country. town

Dense

Thick, the locusts are so close to each other that one can not see through them.

Exaggeration

A statement or description that makes something seem larger, better or more important than it really is.

Ubiquitous

To be present everywhere,

Alight

To land on earth.


TWO WHEELS OVER NINE GLACIERS Passage No.4

Read the following passage and answer the questions given at the end. (Peshawar University 1983)

At this point. I stopped to consider what I should do. To follow the track approximately would be much less exhausting than to take the shortcut, but it might be much more dangerous for someone ignorant of the idiosyncrasies of glaciers. So, I decided to drag Roz up the direct route, not suspecting that what looked like a twenty-minute climb would take almost two hours.

By now clouds were dark close, and a sharp wind sent gusts of snowflakes whirling around me at intervals. 1 revelled in this and went bareheaded, enjoying the keenness of the air, High peaks surrounded me, cutting off the valley below and it was a rare joy to move alone among them with the chaotic symphony of re-echoing thunder as background music.

I was now higher than I had ever been before and when .1 stopped at six-minute intervals to regain breath, my heart-beats sounded as loud as the thunder. The suffocating sensation frightened me until I realised the illusory feeling of repeatedly coming to the point of death was simply the mountains way of teasing novices. By the time I was halfway up the ponies wisdom seemed open to doubt — their trail crossed many outcrops of rock and every time.

I lifted Roz over one of these barriers. I collapsed with exhaustion. In places the snow was so soft that I sank into it up to the knees, Elsewhere it was so hard that even the ponies hoofs had made little impression and I kept upright only by driving my especially nailed boots into it at each step – a process which still further exhausted me.

After about an hour and a half of this struggle. I was at that peculiar stage when one does not really believe that one’s objective will ever be reached, and when one’s only mental awareness concerns the joy (to some incomprehensible, if not downright unnatural) of driving one’s body far beyond the limits of its natural endurance.

Then having dragged Roz up another savage gradient, and over yet another litter of boulders. We suddenly found ourselves on a level plateau, about a quarter of a mile square. Sitting where I had subsided beyond the rocks and still clutching Roz, I slowly assimilated the unlikely fact that we were on Babusar Top.
(Page 19-20)

What does the writer mean by “The idiosyncrasies of glaciers”?

(1) The writer pointed out that she had no idea when the glacier might begin to slide downwards. So she had no way to find out whether it was safe to pass in front of the glacier Or not.

What is the weather like and what is its effect on the writer

The weather was very cold. A sharp wind was blowing and snowflakes were flying around her. She enjoyed the cold weather and walked bareheaded.

What does the writer experience at high altitude?

The writer felt out of breath at now and then. Her heartbeat was loud and she felt as if she was on the point of death.

What does the writer say about the snow?

The writer says that the snow was very soft at some places and she sank into it up to the knees. It was too hard at other places she kept upright by driving her nailed boots in it.

What is trail? What are the features of the trail. The writer is travelling along and where does it lead?

A trail is a series of marks, footsteps etc of a traveller. The writer is following the trails of a pony caravan that crossed many outcrops, rocks and finally led to the Bubusar Top.

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